The biography of Friedensreich Hundertwasser
- Born in Vienna on December 15th as Friedrich Stowasser.
- Following Austria’s annexation, forced removal to his aunt’s and grandmother’s home on Obere Donaustraße.
- 69 of his Jewish relations on his mother’s side are deported and killed.
- End of schools. Spends three months at the Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna.
Adopts the name Hundertwasser. Start of extensive travelling. Develops his own style.
In Florence he meets René Brô and follows him to Paris.
- First exhibition in Art Club of Vienna.
- Paints his first spiral.
- First exhibition in Paris at the Studio Paul Facchetti. Develops the theory of “transautomatism” and begins to number his works.
- Exhibition at Carlo Cardazzo’s Galleria del Naviglio, Milan.
- Publishes his theory of “Transautomatism” in “Cimaises” and “Phases” in Paris.
- Publishes the “Grammar of Seeing”.
- Reads his “Mould Manifesto against Rationalism in Architecture” on the occasion of a congress in Seckau Monastery.
- Together with Ernst Fuchs and Arnulf Rainer, founds the “Pintorarium”, a universal academy of all creative fields. As guest lecturer at the Academy of Fine Art in Hamburg, he draws the “Endless Line” with Bazon Brock and Schuldt.
- Visits Japan. Successful exhibition in Tokyo.
- Marries Yuko Ikewada (divorced 1966). Paints in a Studio on the Giudecca, Venice. Very successful retrospective at the Venice Biennale.
- Large retrospective in the Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hanover, with œuvre catalogue.
- First documentary film, produced by Ferry Radax.
- Nude speech for “The Right to a Third Skin” in Munich.
- The “San Giuseppe T” is converted into the “Regentag” in dockyards in the Venice lagoon.
- Nude speech and reading of “Los von Loos” (Loose from Loos) in Vienna.
- Museum exhibitions in the United States.
- Lives and works on board of “Regentag” in the Venice lagoon. Works on the Olympia poster for Munich in Lengmoos.
Collaboration with Peter Schamoni on the film 1972 “Hundertwasser Regentag”.
Works on the “Regentag” print portfolio in Dietz Offizin in Lengmoos, Bavaria.
Friendship with Joram Harel.
In the TV show “Wünsch Dir was” (Make a Wish), demonstrates in support of roof forestation and individual façade design. Publishes manifesto “Your window right – your tree duty”.
- First portfolio with Japanese woodcuts: “Nana Hyaku Mizu”. Hundertwasser is the first European painter to have his works cut by Japanese masters. Takes part in the Milan Triennial, where c. 15 tree tenants are planted in the Via Manzoni. Touring exhibition in New Zealand.
Exhibition in Haus der Kunst, Munich. Manifesto “Humus-Toilet” in Munich. Designs a postage stamp for Austria: “Spiral Tree”. Hereby launches the series “Modern Art in Austria”.
Engraver of all postage stamps: Wolfgang Seidel. Beginning of the world travelling exhibition tour in the Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, continues until 1983 in 27 countries and 43 museums. In the Albertina, Vienna, start of the world travelling exhibition of his complete graphic œuvre. It continues until 1992 in 15 countries and more than 80 museums and galleries.
Sails the “Regentag” across the Atlantic to the Caribbean, through the Panama Canal to the Pacific.
- Designs “Peace flag for the Holy Land” with a green Arab sickle moon and blue Star of David against a white background and publishes his “Peace Manifesto”.
- Three stamps printed for the Senegal. Reads manifesto on recycling “Shit Culture – Holy Shit” at Pfäffikon on the Lake of Zurich. The touring exhibition “Hundertwasser Is Painting” with 40 new works starts in New York.
Speaks on ecology, against nuclear power and for an architecture befitting man and nature in the U.S. Senate, the Corcoran Gallery, and the Phillips Collection in Washington, D.C., in Berlin, in Vienna and Oslo Technical Universities.
“Hundertwasser Day” in Washington, D.C., tree planting in Judiciary Square, Washington, D.C.
- Appointed to the Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna. Writes “Guidelines for the Hundertwasser Master School”.
- Postage stamps for the Cape Verde Islands.
Designs six postage stamps for the United Nations. Founds a committee for the preservation of the old Kawakawa Post Office, New Zealand.
Works in Spinea on silkscreen 860 Homo Humus Come Va How Do You Do in 10.002 different versions.
Designs a flag for New Zealand, the Koru.
- Takes an active part in campaigns to save Hainburg leas. Camps in the leas for a week.
Start of the cooperation with the architect Peter Pelikan. Works all year on the building site of the Hundertwasserhouse in Vienna.
70.000 visitors attend the “Open House”.
- Designs “Uluru – Down-under Flag” for Australia. Design of the Brockhaus Encyclopaedia.
- Redesigns St. Barbara’s Church in Bärnbach, Styria, and plans a Children’s Day-care Centre in Heddernheim, Frankfurt.
- Redesigns and campaigns to retain the existing form of Austrian licence plates. Further involvement in the campaign to preserve Austrian identity in the matter of licence plates.
- Builds architecture model “In the Meadow Hills”.
Works on architecture projects:
KunstHausWien; Highway Restaurant Bad Fischau; District Heating Plant Spittelau, Vienna; In the Meadows, Bad Soden, Germany; Village Shopping Mall, Vienna; Textile Factory Muntlix, Vorarlberg; Winery Napa Valley, California.
- Inauguration of KunstHausWien on April, 9. Concept and development of architecture projects: inner Courtyard of the Housing Development in Plochingen, Germany; the Thermal Village Blumau, Styria, for Rogner Austria, which is the realisation of Hundertwasser’s idea “In the Meadow Hills” – Rolling Hills.
- In Tokyo Hundertwasser’s Countdown 21st Century Monument for TBS is installed.
- Involvement in the campaign opposing Austria’s joining of the European Union.
- Works on the Hundertwasser-Bible
Exhibition at the Municipal Museum in Braunschweig.
Unveiling of the Danube ship “MS Vindobona”, redesigned by Hundertwasser.
Design and planning of architecture projects:
The Forest Spiral of Darmstadt, Hohe-Haine-Dresden, Germany; MOP Maishima Incineration Plant for the city of Osaka, Japan; Market Hall Altenrhein, Switzerland. Beginning of construction work at the Martin Luther Gymnasium in Wittenberg, Germany.
- Retrospective museum exhibition at the Institute Mathildenhöhe, Darmstadt, Germany, and in Japan. Architecture design for the Pumping Station, Sakishima Island, Osaka, Japan. Works on the Portfolio “La Giudecca Colorata”.
Maishima Sludge Center, Osaka; The Green Citadel of Magdeburg, Hundertwasser Environmental Railroad Station, Uelzen, Ronald McDonald House, Essen, Germany; Kawakawa Public Toilet, New Zealand. Museum exhibitions of architecture work in Japan.
Architecture projects for Tenerife and Dillingen/Saar, Germany.
Dies on Saturday, February 19, in the Pacific, on board of Queen Elizabeth 2 from a heart attack. According to his wish he is being buried in harmony with nature on his land in New Zealand, in the Garden of the Happy Deads under a Tulip Tree.